Hiv aids this course will be conducted using lectures, discussions and presentations. But unfortunately many people still do not understand the real cause of aids, what can be done to prevent it and how hiv can be treated. Agenda setting and hivaids news sources, implications for. Hiv human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that attacks cells that help the body fight infection, making a person more vulnerable to other infections and diseases. Aids acquired immune deficiency syndrome esar east and southern africa region esaro eastern and southern africa regional office hiv human immunodeficiency virus. The hiv aids epidemic in thailand began in the late 1980s, as it did in. A sequel to the gmbs, the gender and media audience study gmas is both the first ever major regional study on media consumption patterns generally in southern africa, as well as the gendered dimensions of this. A research project submitted to the school of journalism and mass communication in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of master of arts in communication studies, at the university of nairobi. Journalists have a substantial influence on the publics attitudes about hiv and aids.
The hiv virus weakens the bodys immune system, making it more difficult to fight infections and cancer. Stds are particularly likely to shed hiv in their genital secretions. This has led to speculation that a chimp or a monkey with an aids virus identical to the. In part this is a response to the dramatic impact of hiv aids on education. Objectives define and understand the difference between hiv infection and aids describe the progression of hiv from initial infection to disease. Surveillance of hiv risk behaviours world health organization. For many people, the media is a main source of information about diseases. Aids is caused by human immune deficiency virus hiv. Mari gasiorowicz, ma, epidemiologist, aids hiv program, wisconsin department of health services. The term aids stands for acquired immuno deficiency syndrome. An exploratory study the hivaids pandemic has been well documented in terms of its devastating. People living with hiv have to understand, however, that despite feeling well on the outside, significant damage can be occurring on the inside. Introduction to hivaids origin, theories and history of the pandemic the origin of aids and hiv has puzzled.
All along, the media has played a central role in addressing hiv aids in kenya. Jun 11, 2018 russias hivaids epidemic is getting worse, not better. Russias hivaids epidemic is getting worse, not better. Introduction to hiv, aids and sexually transmitted infection. Over time, as hiv kills more cd4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of infections. In 2009, high and increasing rates of hiv infection were observed in young black men who have. Mode of transmissionsexual contact with infected persons. Learn how the media has influenced peoples understanding of hiv and aids. Please note that you are not required to pay any fees for this training. Assessment of hiv aids behavior change messages used by the seventhday adventist sda church among its young. Meeting these challenges will require reinvesting in the public health capacity of state and local health departments, restructuring hiv aids surveillance programs to collect the data needed to guide the response to the epidemic, and providing timely answers to emerging epidemiologic questions.
Many media organizations are rising to the challenge by promoting awareness of hiv aids and educating listeners and viewers about the facts of the epidemic and. Journalism strives to report whats new, and as the hiv aids epidemic ages, it becomes more difficult to find novel angles. A large sample of news stories on hivaids written by journalists. Pdf on jan 1, 2003, trevor cullen and others published hivaids.
Human immunodeficiency virus hiv is the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome aids. Hiv infected employees and those with aids should not be discriminated against. Benefits of an educational program for journalists on media. This booklet aims to help you understand hiv aids more clearly by answering some of the questions that you may have and provide you with information on hiv aids as well as the aid for aids programme that is available to members living with hiv of contracted medical schemes and companies. Untreated hiv infects and kills cd4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called t cells. Keep the address of the respondent and indicate you may have to call or. This epidemic will continue to challenge us for many decades in our endeavor to. The hiv virion has a central core containing two identical rna genomes and enzymes such as reverse transcriptase, protease and integrase. Hiv aids stigma and religiosity among african american women nancy muturi a. It is important to distinguish between hiv and aids. G develop a plan to avoid, hiv, aids, and other stds, and pregnancy.
In 2015, a dermatologist in russias fourth largest city, yekaterinburg, diagnosed katia with herpes. Overview of hiv infection 2 participant manual 2005 what is hiv. In the face of hiv and aids, the media have a responsibility to apply the best journalism principles to their work of reporting accurately and completely on the pandemic after thorough research. Conflict ranges from scientists confronting each other with different ideas to mysteries, unkept promises, discovery, hype vs. There are many untrue stories about hiv and aids, but the character and causes of the illness are, in fact, easy to understand. At the 2006 international aids conference professor john moore presented a session entitled hiv science and responsible journalism. The module 1 dvd provides pausing points throughout. Hivaids research includes all medical research that attempts to prevent, treat, or cure hivaids, as well as fundamental research about the nature of hiv as an infectious agent and aids as the disease caused by hiv. Its a requirement for each student to sit for a minimum of two written cats 20% or 30%, two assignments 10% and a main exam 70%. Hiv destroys the bodys immune system and eventually leads to aids. Hiv is thought to have entered into humans somewhere between 1914 and 1940. It is often said that education is the vaccine against hiv.
Hiv is a retrovirus having rna as the genetic material. Even if a cure is eventually found, it will take a while to reach those who need it the most, if it ever. Socioeconomic impact of hivaids on people living with hivaids and their families a study conducted by delhi network of positive people manipur network of people living with hivaids network of maharashtra by people living with hivaids and positive womens network of south india with support from international labour office new delhi. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome aids is the most serious stage of hiv infection.
References for hiv infection, aids, and cancer american cancer society what cancer patients, their families, and caregivers need to know about the coronavirus. Testing and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases stds can be an effective tool in preventing the spread of hiv, the virus that causes aids. Miller school of journalism and mass communication, kansas state university, manhattan, kansas, usa. The media and hivaids 8 unaids 9 the media and hivaids unaids the media have a pivotal role to play in the fight against aids. Bytransfusion of contaminated blood and blood products. Hiv is a virus, and aids is the condition the virus may cause. Hiv aids lecture notes 1 muranga university of technology unit. The immune system helps the body fight off infections. G use effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills to prevent sexual involvement, hiv, other stds, and unintended pregnancy. Faculty of journalism and communications, addis ababa university. Dr david wilson, medical coordinator, hiv aids care and treatment programme, msf belgium, bangkok, thailand. Activities in milwaukee that address hiv infection in young black men who have sex with men.
The possibility of hiv transmission from mother to child can be reduced to the minimum by taking medical help right from conception onwards. Socioeconomic impact of hivaids on people living with hiv. Hiv my lecture notes introduction to hivaids origin theories and history of the pandemic the origin of aids and hiv has puzzled scientists ever since. You may not look or feel sick for years, but you can still pass the virus on to other people. Hiv my lecture notes introduction to hivaids origin. Aids in global terms is very much a development issue, a symptom and increasingly a cause of underdevelopment.
Dr trevor cullen is a senior lecturer and journalism coordinator at. Introduction to hiv and aids overview of the pandemic from the national library of medicine abridged by page 4 of 40 aids cases is no longer sufficient for projecting trends of the pandemic. Aids occurs when a persons immune system is so damaged it cannot fight diseases and certain cancers. In the time between initial infection and aids, the infected person may feel relatively normal, despite the constant attack by hiv. Thus, effective communication between hiv aids research groups and journalists from around the world is essential if we are to improve the understanding of hiv aids worldwide. It is important to note that the journalists accepted into the program did not. To prove that hiv is the cause of aids, and make hivaids more than a speculative hypothesis, it would be necessary to show the presence of hiv among patients with aids diseases whose personal history did not include. Request pdf agenda setting and hivaids news sources, implications for journalism education. People with aids develop many diseases and opportunistic infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, cancer, and skin infections that may ultimately lead to death. Hiv modes of transmission model 7 the aids epidemic has endangered the development of countries in this new century, presenting one of the greatest challenges of this generation and threatening human development. It results from the destruction of the infected persons. Training journalists to report on hiv and aids useful lessons can be.
Recommendations from cdc, the national institutes of health, the hiv medicine association of the infectious diseases society of america, the pediatric infectious diseases society, and the american academy of pediatrics. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections among hivexposed and hivinfected children. Hiv science and responsible journalism xvi international aids conference august, 2006 1 makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of written transcripts, but due to the nature of transcribing recorded material and the deadlines involved, they may contain errors or incomplete content. Introduction to hiv and aids overview of the pandemic from the national library of medicine abridged by page 1 of 40 introduction to hiv and aids as required per florida statute 456. Basic presentation hivaids for use by students, teachers and the public seeking basic information about hiv aids. Or consider the sharp divisions between health options for the rich and poor, religion and politics overshadowing evidence, activists demanding a voice. Once hiv infection develops into aids, infections and cancer pose a greater risk. Regional office for the eastern mediterranean, joint united nations programme on hiv aids p. Understanding hiv and aids table of contents human relations media understanding hiv and aids introduction 1 learning objectives 2 program summary 3 notes to the teacher 5 student activities 1. Aids is the most advanced stage of hiv infection hiv is spread through contact with the blood, semen, preseminal fluid, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, or breast milk of a person with hiv. The role of std prevention and treatment in hiv prevention. However, in terms of the most preferred communication source for hiv aids message reception, it was the radio, this was followed by television while handbills was the least in preference.
Conflict drives the most compelling stories, and hiv aids has conflict at every turn. In 1983, a retrovirus, now called human immunodeficiency virus hiv, had been identified as the cause of aids. People infected with hiv may have no symptoms for many years. Cbse ncert notes class 12 biology human health disease. Introduction to hivaids origin, theories and history of the pandemic the origin of aids and hiv has puzzled scientists ever since the illness first came to light in the early 1980s. Hiv notes 1 hiv notes hiv particles grey covering a white blood cell.
But the epidemic has changed radically since it surfaced in 1981. G promote respect for and dignity of persons living with hiv or aids. In fact, many people with hiv live for years without developing aids. Introduction to hiv, aids and sexually transmitted infection surveillance. Guidelines on surveillance among populations most at risk for hiv unaidswho working group on global hiv aids and sti surveillance 1 september 2011.
Even people without symptoms suffer ongoing damage to their immune systems, and they can pass the virus to others. If a member in a family has hiv, all other members have the possibility of harboring hiv. Early hiv symptoms occur between 14 weeks after infection and may include. What are the major communicafion priorifies for hivaids coverage 10. The following sources were used in preparing this information about hiv infection, aids, and cancer. In his presentation professor moore referred to eleni papadopulos, valendar turner and the perth group. The neurological complication of aids and human immunodeficiency virus infection. Persons in the workplace affected by, or perceived to be affected by hiv aids, must be protected from stigmatization and discrimination by coworkers, unions, employers or clients. View notes hiv my lecture notes from hiv 001 at university of eastern africa, baraton. It a chapter from the book published on the web by the national library of medicine.
Introduction to hiv, aids and sexually transmitted. Without treatment, hiv infection is likely to develop into aids as the immune system gradually wears down. The work was coordinated by karin timmermans, technical officer, and yingru lo, regional advisor hiv aids who searo. More than 80% of all cases of hiv are in the developing world. Mechanisms and diseases of the retroviridae virus family to unlock this lesson you must be a member. The lecture format is acceptable only in a classroom of children or younger learners. Many media organizations are rising to the challenge by promoting awareness of hivaids and educating listeners and viewers about the facts of the epidemic and. A disease once thought to primarily afflict gay men now mainly spreads through heterosexual sex. Hiv and aids derrick willard providence day school 2. In 2005, close to 5 million new hiv infections and 3 million aids deaths occurred, more of both than in any previous year. The summary of the research results are presented here. Editorial support was provided by bandana malhotra.
Take part in the conversation, but do not lecture the respondent. An hiv infection doesnt necessarily progress to stage 3. Mmwr, cdc notes that most cases of aids have been reported among homosexual men with multiple sexual. Accurate news coverage of hiv and aids can generate public and political support for fighting the pandemic. It is spread by contact with certain bodily fluids of a person with hiv, most commonly during unprotected sex sex without a condom or hiv medicine to prevent or treat hiv, or through sharing injection drug equipment. Bibliography and references the national academies press. Preventing hiv among sex workers in subsaharan africa. Hiv, aids, history hiv is thought to have originated in nonhuman primates in subsaharan africa and was transferred to humans late in the 19th or early in the 20th century. Twenty one years of hivaids medicines in the newspaper. This course is part of the ma in journalism and communica on, faculty of journalism and communica ons, addis ababa university. Ppt hiv notes powerpoint presentation free to download. This was the premise that led to establishment of a journalisttojournalist j2j hiv aids training program as a component of the international aids conference in 2002. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, better known by its acronym aids, results from, and is the final stage of infection with the bloodborne human immunodeficiency virus hiv. Paula donovan, former advisor for africa on hivaids and gender at.
Around 37million people worldwide live with hiv, with around 1. Subsaharan africa remains the region most affected by hiv aids. All along, the media has played a central role in addressing hivaids in kenya. Aida or acquired immune deficiency syndrome is the more advanced stage of infection. Notes for slide presentation the stdhiv interrelationship. Hivaids stigma and religiosity among african american women. Human immunodeficiency virus, or hiv, is a virus that is transmitted by contact with body fluids of an infected person.648 1545 213 650 1434 1238 717 1574 1050 1470 713 529 799 1239 1081 1285 923 383 383 1280 313 101 270 25 514 547 175 532 711 123 1435 626 389 625 69 1097 644 1209 137 282 629 982 1482 1218